Orlando Rep. Anna Eskamani re-files invoice to create state housing division and bolster renter protections
After a 12 months of assaults by Florida’s Republican-dominated state Legislature on renters’ rights, from banning rent control in Florida to wiping out local tenant protections, Florida Rep. Anna Eskamani has re-filed laws for consideration in 2024 that may set up a state housing division and bolster statewide client protections for renters.
The Orlando-area Democrat filed related laws through the 2023 legislative session, however the invoice was ignored by the Republican-controlled Florida Home and died with out even reaching a vote.
Eskamani’s new bill, titled the “Preserve Floridians Housed Act,” would direct the state to create a state Division of Housing & Tenant Rights — an company the state at the moment lacks. Amongst different issues, the company would work with the state Legislature, state businesses and different stakeholders to provide you with and implement methods “designed to fight reasonably priced housing and homelessness points within the state.”
Presently, the implementation and enforcement of state housing insurance policies is a patchwork affair, unfold out throughout numerous state businesses, together with the Florida Division of Agriculture and Shopper Providers, which is tasked with finishing up quite a lot of duties. The Workplace of Florida’s Lawyer Normal, on its steadily requested questions web page, simply directs Floridians to a virtually clean web page of Florida’s statutes to study extra about their rights as tenants and suggests readers seek the advice of an legal professional. The Florida Housing Finance Company, which serves because the administrator of state reasonably priced housing packages, has been the subject of significant scrutiny this 12 months over questionable management.
A presentation by Orange County’s native housing and tenant providers workplace, supplied to county leaders in October, defined it plainly: “There isn’t a State company recognized in Ch. 83 [the section of Florida statutes that outlines housing law] for enforcement.”
Chapter 83 of Florida statutes outlines landlord and tenant obligations and rights underneath state regulation. However state regulation is notoriously pleasant to landlords, leaving tenants with crumbs for cover from predatory practices. A Republican-backed regulation (HB 1417) handed by the GOP-controlled state legislature earlier this 12 months preempted all regulation of landlord and tenant issues to the state, wiping out dozens of metropolis and county legal guidelines that provided protections for tenants that have been stronger than what’s supplied underneath state regulation.
A spokesperson for the FDACS confirmed to Orlando Weekly over e-mail this fall that the division can “function casual mediator” in landlord and tenant disputes, however that “the one formal treatment for disputes like these is thru the civil court docket system, which the division doesn’t have a job in.”
That’s, if you cannot afford or in any other case entry non-public authorized assist for a housing concern, you are primarily out of luck.
This is not a uniquely Florida downside. Tenants nationwide — notably poor tenants with fewer assets — face an uphill battle of the weak rights enforcement. “The underenforcement of housing requirements is a basic case of ‘underenforcement’ on behalf of communities that haven’t been a political precedence,” wrote Rutgers College regulation professor Kathryn Sabbeth in an article printed by the Georgetown Journal on Poverty Legislation & Coverage in 2019.
“On the similar time that poor folks of shade are disproportionately focused by felony regulation enforcement, the harms they expertise obtain insufficient consideration,” she continued. Inadequate funding for businesses tasked with imposing housing requirements, Sabbeth wrote, “is a political alternative.”
The Preserve Floridians Housed Act, filed by Eskamani, would additionally additionally bolster sure protections for renters statewide, which might assist stage the taking part in subject between tenants and landlords. For instance, the invoice would make it unlawful for landlords or property managers to refuse to lease to tenants simply because they plan to make use of a housing voucher, little one assist, alimony, or one other lawful supply of revenue to assist cowl their hire.
Presently, it’s completely authorized in most elements of Florida to take action. Solely a handful of cities and counties in Florida — together with Orange — have legal guidelines particularly forbidding source-of-income discrimination on the books. And a few of these have been worn out by the preemption invoice signed into regulation earlier this 12 months. In Orange County, a minimum of, it’s unclear whether or not it even truly helps: Landlords continue to blatantly ignore the county’s native supply of revenue nondiscrimination regulation anyway, with little accountability.
Florida hire costs and residential insurance coverage premiums have skyrocketed in recent times, establishing Florida as one of the most unaffordable states to live in. The difficulty of unaffordability is especially pronounced in main metropolitan areas reminiscent of Orlando, Miami and Tampa.
To assist alleviate widespread issues, the brand new proposal would add client protections for renters underneath regulation and outlaw sure predatory practices by landlords. For example, it could prohibit landlords from charging “an extreme rental software price” (in the event that they do, and the unit is unavailable anyway, they’d be required by regulation to refund the tenant). The invoice would additionally set up a course of for expunging an eviction from the document of tenants if sure circumstances are glad, and prohibit landlords from evicting a tenant for an incident of home violence, sexual violence or stalking through which the tenant (or a baby who’s a minor) is the sufferer of such violence, and never the perpetrator.
Underneath the proposed laws, the brand new state division could be headed by a secretary who could be appointed by the governor and topic to affirmation by the state Senate.
Rep. Eskamani advised Orlando Weekly in an emailed assertion that she’s proud to re-file the proposal. “This landmark laws would even the taking part in subject for renters in Florida, a objective that has change into much more vital for our state following final 12 months’s preemption of rental protections through HB1417.”
“Hire has skyrocketed in our state,” she added, “and as a renter myself I understand how vital it’s to implement the protections outlined on this laws.”
The 2024 legislative session, whereby this invoice may very well be heard or ignored once more, begins Jan. 9, 2024, and can finish March 8. Different proposals filed by Democratic lawmakers embrace payments to limit rent increases to not more than 30% yearly, expand eligibility for Residents Property Insurance coverage insurance policies (a invoice filed collectively with a Republican state consultant) and require landlords to provide tenants with functioning AC.